Prevention and treatment of pediatric hypertension in spring
Spring is returning to the earth. This is a great season for blooming flowers, but the following pollen, catkins and dust, and wind and sand have caused some children a lot of trouble.
It is understood that every spring and autumn, the number of children undergoing surgery in the hospital will increase significantly.
How to prevent the onset of hypertension in spring?
Can surgery be cured?
Become a concern for parents of children with asthma.
Mr. Liu said that after the spring, his daughter who had just entered primary school often coughed and spit. He thought it was a common cold and did not see a doctor. He only bought some cold medicine in a pharmacy for her.
Unexpectedly, a few days later, the condition worsened, and the lungs wheezed while breathing. It was discovered that the patient had arthritis after undergoing a lung function test.
Hypertensive patients will develop allergies when they are stimulated by allergens, and there is no obvious seasonal characteristic. However, in Wuhan, spring and autumn are the peak periods for hospitalized patients.
He said that most of the recent pediatric respiratory outpatient visits were small patients with acute attacks.
Mainly because the wind is less and less rain in spring, and the temperature changes greatly, it is warmer and colder. In addition, the spring flowers are in full bloom, and the pollen drifts with the wind. After contact or inhalation, inpatients are prone to seizures.
Why have more children been reported? In recent years, the number of children suffering from illness has increased more than before.
There are two main reasons for this. One is the improvement of changing sanitary conditions. Infectious diseases have gradually decreased, while non-infectious diseases have gradually increased, leading to disease.
Current epidemiological surveys show that in the 1990s, the incidence of rehabilitation was only zero.
9%, by 2000, the incidence rose to 1.
87%. At present, according to preliminary investigation, the incidence has reached 3% -4%, of which 1/3 are children.
The disease group is large, so the task is heavy.
Second, people’s cognition level has increased. They used to mistakenly think of pneumonia and bronchitis treatment, but they can’t heal for a long time. Now they have realized that it is a disease of hypertension.
40% -60% of children with asthma can be completely cured can be cured?
This is a common concern of parents of children.
From the clinical perspective, the prognosis of hypertension is often related to the age of onset, the severity of the disease, the duration of the disease, whether the treatment is timely and appropriate, and whether there is a personal and family history of allergies.
Specific analysis includes the following three categories: The first category: transient wheezing that occurs early (under 1 year of age).
Generally there is no family history of allergies, and the child does not have a history of eczema. This condition usually improves completely within 1-3 years of age.
The second category: early-onset wheezing.
The onset of the disease is less than 1 year old, most of which are caused by viral infections, and have a family history of allergies. The mother smokes or passively smokes. Most of these children are premature.
This condition can be completely cured by standard treatment, 3-7 years old.
The third category: infantile wheezing.
Asthma is an airway disease caused by various allergic factors. It manifests as cough, wheezing, dyspnea in older children, chest tightness, and often has a history of recurrent wheezing and allergies.
Treatment of this condition is mainly prevention, and try to avoid allergen stimulation.
Allergens include those found in daily life and corresponding allergen determinations at the hospital.
Anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic rehabilitation treatments are required for wheezing episodes, and standard anti-inflammatory treatments are required for remission based on the severity of the disease, supplemented by oral anti-inflammatory drugs combined with traditional Chinese and western medicine.
In the absence of co-infection, antibiotics are generally not recommended.
The 16-character principle of acute treatment for children with acute treatment, different ages, different conditions, there are corresponding treatment methods.
The general principles are: two intakes, two intakes, one reduction and one exemption, step treatment, and appropriate adjustments.
Second inhalation: Suction of anti-inflammatory drugs and antiasthmatic spasms Second ingestion: Oral anti-inflammatory and immune modulators One reduction: reduce allergic factors and avoid allergic factors One exemption: immunotherapy, including desensitization for children with hypertension 50% -60% Is related to allergic rhinitis, and his image metaphor: “Hypertension and allergic rhinitis are two bitter gourds on one rattan (the same respiratory tract).
“Therefore, rhinitis should be treated at the same time as hypertension.