Medicinal and Edible Algae
The fungus is the fruit body of the fungus plant.
Also called black fungus, tree chicken, wood moth, cloud ear and so on.
Fungus is parasitic on a damp, decaying tree trunk.
It is widely cultivated throughout China.
At present, artificial cultivation is more common in the market, and there are two types. One is smooth on the belly, black on the back and hairy on the back, and is gray or taupe. This type of fungus is called “hair fungus”; the other is on both sidesSmooth and hairless, known as “light fungus”.
The fungus has been used in developing countries for a long time. It has been included in the “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”, and it has been cultivated in developing countries for more than a thousand years.
For many years, fungus is a very famous edible fungus upstream, and it is loved by people.
Fungus is flat and sweet.
It has the functions of nourishing and strengthening the brain, clearing the lungs and nourishing qi, nourishing the stomach and purging, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.
TCM is used clinically to treat intestinal wind, blood stasis, blood leaching, bleeding, and hemorrhoids.
Fungus is rich in protein, trace amounts, carbohydrates, crude fiber, vitamin B, niacin, lysine, leucine and calcium, iron, phosphorus and other elements.
Modern medical experiments have shown that fungus has the effect of reducing blood agglutination, reducing blood viscosity, making blood flow smooth, can alleviate coronary atherosclerosis, and has a special effect on the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease; the polysaccharides contained in it have certain resistanceSexual tumor effect; the contained colloid has an absorption and absorption effect, which can expel the “garbage” produced in the body in time and improve the effect of clearing the digestive tract.
The fungus is rich in nutrition, so it is also known as “the best of all.”
Data show that the protein content of fungus is equivalent to that of meat. The iron content is 10 times higher than meat (7 times higher than pork liver) and the calcium content is 20 times higher than meat.
However, because the fungus has the function of purging the lungs and defecation, those who have thin stools should consume less to avoid worsening symptoms.
Tremella Tremella reproductive fruit body of Tremella tremella.
Also called white fungus, snow fungus.
Tremella is a wild species that grows mainly on the trunks of various dead broad-leaved trees. It is especially fond of dead oak trees in shady environments.
Nowadays, people have used its growth habit to successfully cultivate on alder and sawdust, and it has gained popularity.
Tremella is not only food, but also a traditional tonic.
Produced in many parts of China, Tremella fuciformis produced in Zhangzhou, Fujian and Tongjiang, Sichuan is more famous.
The dried product of Tremella fuciformis is generally light, thick, white, and slightly yellowish.
Tremella is flat and sweet.
It has the effects of nourishing kidney and strengthening essence, moistening lungs and relieving cough, nourishing stomach and nourishing stomach, nourishing qi and strengthening body, and prolonging life.
TCM is used clinically to treat symptoms such as cough due to exhaustion, blood in sputum, thirst due to deficiency of heat, constipation, women’s collapse, palpitations and insomnia.
Tremella contains protein, trace amounts, crude fiber, polysaccharides, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, and more than ten amino acids (seven of which are essential for the human body). In addition, there are inorganic elements such as iron, magnesium, potassium, calcium, and phosphorus.
Modern medical experiments show that Tremella polysaccharide has obvious antioxidant and antitumor effects; it can improve immune function; it can promote the renewal of protein metabolism; it can improve liver detoxification ability and help protect the liver.
The rich gelatin contained in Tremella fuciformis has good nourishment and delays aging and beauty effects on the skin’s stratum corneum. Therefore, long-term consumption of Tremella can make the skin fair and tender and elastic, thereby reducing skin wrinkles.
Tremella is not only tonic.
It has the effect of prolonging life and has better economic benefits. Therefore, some businessmen who are interested in smoking are good-looking and easy to sell in order to dispose of the fungus that they sell. They often use sulfur to smoke Tremella during the processing process.We all know that excessive sulfides can be harmful to the human body and can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Therefore, you must pay attention to identification when purchasing Tremella.
The surface of the white fungus that has not been smoked with sulfur has a pale yellowish white color and no pungent odor is smelled.
Otherwise, it’s better not to buy it to avoid accidents.
Although Tremella has a lot of obesity to the human body, it is not suitable to eat if you have symptoms such as cough and sputum, yang deficiency and chills, and hot and humid jaundice.
Fractures of tremella, tremella, fractal bodies of Candida and plant fractures.
It has many aliases, such as ground soft, ground vegetables, wild fungus, ground seeing vegetables, ground money, rock clothes, Tianxian Cai and so on.
This is a natural wild edible fungus unique to the Loess Plateau, and it is also a pollution-free green food.
It is still wild and has not been cultivated artificially. The Chinese people have known and used Diar ears for a long time. In 1400 BC, Tao Hongjing, a famous medical scientist of the Liang Dynasty, recorded Diar ears in “Special Records of Famous Doctors”. At first, it was only used for medicinal purposes.
The ears are cold and sweet.
It has the effects of clearing heat and detoxifying, cooling blood and eyesight, nourishing qi and kidney, and astringent.
It can treat fire eyes, night blindness, lung fever cough, prolapse of the anus, burns and burns.
Earth ear is rich in protein and crude fiber, as well as carotene, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin E, inorganic elements potassium, magnesium, iron, calcium, phosphorus and so on.
Modern medical experiments show that the ear contains a substance that can inhibit the activity of acetylcholinesterase in the center of the human brain, which has a certain effect on senile dementia. The rich crude fiber can trigger metabolism in the body;It also has a lipid-lowering function.
Although ear fungus does not have fungus and tremella is precious, it has a unique flavor, rich nutrition, good quality and low price. It has been a favorite food of people, especially rural people.
In the countryside, people mostly pick their own food. At present, there is no commercial scale. Generally, there are not many people patronizing it in cities.
However, in Shaanxi, the ear buns are well-known and popular, and their popularity is as famous as Tianjin Goubuli buns, Shanghai decoction buns, and Yangzhou crab yellow buns.
Although Diear is a very delicious food, women should try not to eat or eat less during menstruation, otherwise it will easily cause symptoms such as dysmenorrhea and irregular menstruation.
Lentinus edodes grows the fruiting body of Pleurotus edodes.
Also known as sweet thistle, winter mushroom.
It is a starch that grows on wood and is cultivated in multiple areas.
Lentinus edodes is a traditional medicinal and edible fungus among them. As early as 800 years ago, mushrooms had been cultivated before. It became a court tribute as early as the Song Dynasty, showing its preciousness.
Due to its medical and health care value, shiitake mushrooms have been regarded by the people as a top quality product that can prolong their life.
Shiitake is flat and sweet.
It has the effects of nourishing qi, strengthening liver and nourishing blood, and can treat the symptoms of loss of appetite, less energy, and urinary incontinence.
Shiitake contains protein, trace amounts, crude fiber, amino acids, polysaccharides, vitamins B1, B2, vitamin C, nicotinic acid, lentin, butyric acid, ergosterol, acetylcholine, adenine, and calcium, phosphorus, and iron.
Modern medical experiments have shown that mushrooms can improve the body’s immune function; mushroom ribonucleic acid can stimulate the body to produce interferons, thereby inhibiting the growth of the virus and producing antiviral effects; adenine and choline can prevent liver cirrhosis; have a significant enhancementAntitumor effect of the body.
Today, shiitake mushrooms have entered the tables of ordinary people. Not only are they delicious and tasty, but regular consumption is very beneficial to human health. It can regulate human metabolism, promote digestive function, reduce obesity, prevent cirrhosis, and prevent rickets.
In addition, the shiitake mushroom polysaccharides in shiitake mushrooms can, to a certain extent, prevent the growth of nanotubes and have an inhibitory effect on the microparticles that have been induced.
However, those with cold spleen and stomach and those with thin stools should eat less properly to avoid worsening symptoms.